- Feb 13, 2016
Mtskheta is a city of Mtskheta-Mtianeti Region, located approximately 20 kilometers north of Tbilisi at the River Mtkvari and Aragvi confluence. With 19,500 inhabitants. According to the history Mtskheta was founded in a 5th century BC. It was an ancient capital of Georgia during the 3rd century BC – 5th century AD. It was the place from where the Christianity in Georgia took it’s origins and also consisted as a religious center (337s Kartli/ Mtskheta), which nowadays still remains the headquarters of Georgian Orthodox Church, granted a status of “Holy City” by Catholics-Patriarch Ilia II of Georgia. The rare bland of cultural values has ruled in this part of the world since the Bronze Age until now creating the face of present Mtskhta, which is merely as old as Georgia itself.
On the territory of Mtskheta are scattered a significant number of ancient monuments. Beginning with center of Mtskheta , where Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is located, was built in 11th century where the Robe of Christ is buried and performs not only a Georgia’s, but a worldwide treasure. On the hill near Mtskheta, is located Jvari ( cross) Monastery.
One of the masterpieces of Georgian architecture ,which was built in the 6th century. Both of this monuments represent the UNESCO World Heritage sites. To the north-east of Mtskheta is based another historical monument- Zedazeni Monastery, founded by the one of Assyrian monks in the 540s. From this hill spreads a spectacular view of Aragvi and Mtkvari river estuary.
Climate: Is similar to Tbilisi’s climate. As both of them are situated in the same climatic zone. The average annual temperature in Mtskheta is 12.2 °C. Cold in Winter especially in January and hot in Summer, mostly in late July.